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Abstract


PARADOX OF PARADIGM IN ANCIENT GREEK CLASSICAL PERIOD RELIGIOUS ARCHITECTURE: THE DESIRE OF COPY IN PRODUCTION OF THE MODEL

Circular form is a form-term that can be used as a metaphor for the "model-copy-model" cycle in terms of cultural-architectonic interaction process and interaction direction. The conceptual production of this model-copy cycle is the main argument of the article. The Bassae Apollo temple is a replica of the Archaic phase of the Apollon temple of Delphoi in prominent parameters for the mass, such as the architectural layout, plan typology, proportion system, short and long outer column numbers and proportions system. In terms of architectural interaction, there is no special case in terms of model-copy relationship up to this point. Architectural continuity and interaction concepts are natural elements of architectural history. However, a very special architectural phenomenon has emerged in the architectural relationship between the Delphoi-Bassae cultural spaces. After the Archaic phase of the Delphoi temple was destroyed, the second phase of the temple was built in the 4th century BC. During this construction, the Classical Period Bassae Apollo temple, which was built by Ictinos based on the Archaic phase of the Delphoi temple, this time became a "model" for the Late Classical phase of the Delphoi temple. Both architectonic spaces have become both models and copies with different sequences and chronologies. The model-copy-model-copy cyclic relationship has been built between the constructions of the two spaces. In the ancient Greek religious architecture, such a phenomenon has not been encountered once again in relation to two different structures.



Keywords
Greek Architecture, Religious Architecture, Ancient Classical Period, Model, Copy, Ictinos


Cite : R. Eser Kortanoğlu , (2021). PARADOX OF PARADIGM IN ANCIENT GREEK CLASSICAL PERIOD RELIGIOUS ARCHITECTURE: THE DESIRE OF COPY IN PRODUCTION OF THE MODEL. Pearson Journal of Social Sciences - Humanities, 10, p. 95-118. Doi: 10.46872/pj.207.


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