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Abstract


THE ROLE OF N. ERBAKAN AND THE WELFARE PARTY IN THE POLITICAL HISTORY OF TURKEY

This article examines and analyzes the role of Najmeddin Erbakan and the Welfare Party in the political history of modern Turkey. The ideology, social base and the main driving forces, as well as its activities in the formation and development of the National Outlook Movement in Turkey is also the part of examine of this article. The article also analyzes the historical circumstances that influenced the formation and development of the movement, including the role of the movement's leader, prominent scientist and researcher, professor Najmeddin Erbakan, as well as the reasons for his entry into the political arena and its consequences. The role of N. Erbakan in the political life of Turkey was investigated and tried to be evaluated. It was noted that, the main ideology of the Welfare Party was a free market economy without interest, the strengthening of production, the establishment of a just society in which basic human rights are protected, and so on. The Welfare Party (WP) was formed in 1983 under the leadership of Ahmet Tekdal, representing the same direction. After the lifting of political bans, N. Erbakan was re-elected party leader. The 1990s marked a new stage in the development of the National Outlook movement and the Welfare Party's reputation began to rise. In the 1995 elections, the party won 21 percent of the vote. In 1996, N. Erbakan formed a coalition government with the True Path Party, led by Tansu Chiller. This government resigned as a result of the February 28 process, and the party was dissolved. The members of the party formed the Virtue Party.



Keywords
Turkey, N. Erbakan, Natıonal Outlook Movement, National Order Party, Welfare Party


Cite : Namig Mammadov , (2020). TÜRKİYE'NİN SİYASET TARİHİNDE N. ERBAKAN VE REFAH PARTİSİ'NİN ROLÜ. Pearson Journal of Social Sciences - Humanities, 6, p. 219-226. Doi: 10.46872/pj.83.


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